Archive for the ‘Traffic tickets’ Category
My friend at http://surrealworld.wordpress.com/ passed this info along regarding the laws ‘outlawing’ paramilitary training across the united states. I looked up the CA law that was referenced, and it is pasted below. The key here seems to be if a person trains with the intent to cause a ‘civil disorder’ then they can be prosecuted under this law. Original post in it’s entirety is below.
11460. (a) Any two or more persons who assemble as a paramilitary
organization for the purpose of practicing with weapons shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year
or by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by
both that fine and imprisonment.
As used in this subdivision, “paramilitary organization” means an
organization which is not an agency of the United States government
or of the State of California, or which is not a private school
meeting the requirements set forth in Section 48222 of the Education
Code, but which engages in instruction or training in guerrilla
warfare or sabotage, or which, as an organization, engages in rioting
or the violent disruption of, or the violent interference with,
(b) (1) Any person who teaches or demonstrates to any other person
the use, application, or making of any firearm, explosive, or
destructive device, or technique capable of causing injury or death
to persons, knowing or having reason to know or intending that these
objects or techniques will be unlawfully employed for use in, or in
the furtherance of a civil disorder, or any person who assembles with
one or more other persons for the purpose of training with,
practicing with, or being instructed in the use of any firearm,
explosive, or destructive device, or technique capable of causing
injury or death to persons, with the intent to cause or further a
civil disorder, shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail
for not more than one year or by a fine of not more than one thousand
dollars ($1,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment.
Nothing in this subdivision shall make unlawful any act of any
peace officer or a member of the military forces of this state or of
the United States, performed in the lawful course of his or her
(2) As used in this section:
(A) “Civil disorder” means any disturbance involving acts of
violence which cause an immediate danger of or results in damage or
injury to the property or person of any other individual.
(B) “Destructive device” has the same meaning as in Section 12301.
(C) “Explosive” has the same meaning as in Section 12000 of the
Health and Safety Code.
(D) “Firearm” means any device designed to be used as a weapon, or
which may readily be converted to a weapon, from which is expelled a
projectile by the force of any explosion or other form of
combustion, or the frame or receiver of this weapon.
(E) “Peace officer” means any peace officer or other officer
having the powers of arrest of a peace officer, specified in Chapter
4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2.
Laws Regarding Private Militias
Federal law prohibits paramilitary training and the manufacture or transport of weapons with the knowledge or intent that they will be used to create a civil disturbance. Ref 10 Federal law differs from most state laws prohibiting paramilitary training in that it applies only to the trainers, not the trainees. Under most state laws governing paramilitary training, participation as a trainee is also illegal.
Laws are on the books in 41 states to ban either the militias themselves or paramilitary training or both. Ref 11
The two types of laws operate differently. Anti-paramilitary training laws ban groups whose members know or intend that a civil disorder will result from their activities. Anti-militia laws ban all unauthorized militias, regardless of whether the participants have any specific criminal intent or knowledge. Anti-militia laws generally require evidence that a group of people are associated together in a formal military-type organization. Anti-paramilitary training statutes, by contrast, can be used against groups as small as two or three people. Both types of laws generally exempt organizations like hunting clubs.
These laws are seldom enforced, but they are relevant to an adjudicative determination that an individual is engaging in either lawful or unlawful militia activities.
The state laws and the legal citations for them are as follows:
Alabama. Anti-militia. Ala. Code § 31-2-125
Arizona. Anti-militia. Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 26-123.
Arkansas. Anti-paramilitary training. Ark. Code § 5-71-301 to -303.
California. Anti-paramilitary training. Cal. Penal Code § 11460.
Colorado. Anti-paramilitary training. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-9-120.
Connecticut. Anti-paramilitary training. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-206b.
Florida. Anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. Fla. Stat. Ann. ch. 870.06, 790.29.
Georgia. Anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. Ga. Code Ann. §§ 38-2-277, 16-11-150 to -152.
Idaho. Anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. Idaho Code §§ 46-802, 18-8101 to -8105.
Iowa. Anti-militia. Iowa Code § 29A.31
Illinois. Anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. Ill. Rev. Stat. ch. 1805, para 94-95.
Kansas. Anti-militia. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 48-203.
Kentucky. Anti-militia. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 38.440.
Louisiana. Anti-paramilitary training. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 117.1.
Maine. Anti-militia. Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. ***. 37-B, § 342.2.
Maryland. Anti-militia. Md. Code Ann. art. 65, § 35.
Massachusetts. Anti-militia. Mass. Gen. L. ch. 33 § 129-132.
Michigan. Anti-paramilitary training. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.528a.
Minnesota. Anti-militia. Minn. Stat. § 624.61.
Mississippi. Anti-militia. Miss. Code Ann. § 33-1-31.
Missouri. Anti-paramilitary training. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 574.070.
Nebraska. Anti-paramilitary training. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1480 to -1482.
Nevada. Anti-militia. Nev. Rev. Stat. § 203.080.
New Hampshire. Anti-militia. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 111:15.
New Jersey. Anti-paramilitary training. N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:39-14.
New Mexico. Anti-paramilitary training. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-20A-1 to -4.
New York. Anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. N.Y. Mil. Law § 240.
North Carolina. Anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 127A-151, 14-288.20.
North Dakota. Anti-militia. N.D. Cent. Code § 37-01-21.
Oklahoma. Anti-paramilitary training. Okla. Stat. Ann. ***. 21, § 1321.10.
Oregon. Anti-paramilitary training. Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.660.
Pennsylvania. Anti-paramilitary training. 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5515.
Rhode Island. anti-militia and anti-paramilitary training. R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 30-12-7, 11-55-1 to -3.
South Carolina. Anti-paramilitary training. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-10 to -30.
Tennessee. Anti-paramilitary training. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-314.
Texas. Anti-militia. Tex. Govt. Code; Ann. § 431.010.
Virginia. Anti-paramilitary training. Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-433.1 to -433.3.
Washington. Anti-militia. Wash. Rev. Code § 38.40.120.
West Virginia. Anti-militia. W.Va. Code § 15-1F-7.
Wyoming. Anti-militia. Wyo. Stat. § 19-1-106.
States with Anti-Militia Laws Only (17)
Alabama. ALA. CODE s 31-2-125.
Arizona. ARIZ. REV. STAT. ANN. s 26-123.
Iowa. IOWA CODE s 29A.31.
Kansas. KAN. STAT. ANN. s 48-203.
Kentucky. KY. REV. STAT. ANN. s 38.440.
Maine. ME. REV. STAT. ANN. ***. 37-B, s 342.2.
Maryland. MD. CODE ANN. art. 65, s 35.
Massachusetts. MASS. GEN. L. ch. 33, s 129-132.
Minnesota. MINN. STAT. s 624.61.
Mississippi. MISS. CODE ANN. $ 33-1-31.
Nevada. NEV. REV. STAT. s 203-080.
New Hampshire. N.H. REV. STAT. ANN. s 111:15.
North Dakota. N.D. CENT. CODE s 37-01-21.
Texas. TEX. GOV’T CODE ANN. s 431.010.
Washington. WASH. REV. CODE s 38.40.120.
West Virginia. W. VA. CODE s 15-1F-7.
Wyoming. WYO. STAT. s 19-1-106.
States with Anti-Paramilitary Training Laws Only (17)
Arkansas. ARK. CODE s 5-71-301 to -303.
California. CAL. PENAL CODE s 11460.
Colorado. COLO. REV. STAT. s 18-9-120.
Connecticut. CONN. GEN. STAT. s 53-206b.
Louisiana. LA. REV. STAT. ANN. s 117.1.
Michigan. MICH. COMP. LAWS s 750.528a.
Missouri. MO. REV. STAT. s 574.070.
Montana. MONT. CODE ANN. s 45-8-109.
Nebraska. NEB. REV. STAT. s 28-1480 to -1482.
New Jersey. N.J. REV. STAT. s 2C:39-14.
New Mexico. N.M. STAT. ANN. s 30-20A-1 to -4.
Oklahoma. OKLA. STAT. ANN. ***. 21, s 1321.10.
Oregon. OR. REV. STAT. s 166.660.
Pennsylvania. 18 PA. CONS. STAT. s 5515.
South Carolina. S.C. CODE ANN. s 16-8-10 to -30.
Tennessee. TENN. CODE ANN. s 39-17-314.
Virginia. VA. CODE ANN. s 18.2-433.1 to -433.3.
States with Both Anti-Militia and Anti-Paramilitary Training Laws (7)
Florida. FLA. STAT. ANN. ch. 870.06, 790.29.
Georgia. GA. CODE ANN. ss 38-2-277, 16-11-150 to -152.
Idaho. IDAHO CODE ss 46-802, 18-8101 to -8105.
Illinois. ILL. REV. STAT. ch. 1805, para. 94-95.
New York. N.Y. MIL. LAW s 240.
North Carolina. N.C. GEN. STAT. ss 127A-151, 14-288.20.
Rhode Island. R.I. GEN. LAWS ss 30-12-7, 11-55-1 to -3.
Federal Govt Seeks To Lift Ban On HIV Infected Immigrants
Most people in the freedom movement know about the dangers of the HPV vaccine. Gardasil, which is known to cause spontaneous abortions, massive wart outbreaks, seizures, paralysis and death, faced great opposition when Texas governor Rick Perry tried to require girls to get the shot.
Inadequate attention, though, has been given to the
government’s recent mandate that immigrants recieve the controversial vaccine.
U.S. Customs Immigration Service, (formerly known as “INS”) which operates as part of “Homeland Security”, enacted new requirements starting in July 2008 for those wishing to immigrate to the U.S. See their official statement here:
USCIS Changes Vaccination Requirements To Adjust Status To Legal Permanent Resident .
This is nothing more than another eugenics program just like occulitist George H.W. Bush put into place, when he called for global population control as a Congressman in the 1960’s. The government targets people who are in a vulnerable position, who want to become residents, thus very unlikely to ’cause a stir’ by objecting to or refusing the shot.
American citizens have the liberty of telling their servant government no to these dangerous and poison vaccines.
Soldiers have been refusing vaccines for various reasons including the case of a Catholic soldier who refused the Hepatitis-A vaccine because it is made using aborted fetal cell lines.
In 2004 single mother Jessica Horjus got a dishonorable discharge from the air force after refusing the anthrax vaccine.
[See How To Legally Say ‘NO’ To All Vaccines for more info.]
With all the available documented information on Gardasil, it’s a wonder no one has sued the government for this barbaric and unconscionable USCIS dictate.
Here are just a few of the excerpts regarding Gardasil, from HealthFreedomUSA:
Science For Sale: HPV Vaccines Safe (For Vaccine Makers, Anyway) Once Liability Has Been Removed
JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association, not an anti vaccine venue, put it this way Results from our community-based study [of the benefits of Gardasil vaccination] provide strong evidence that there is little, if any, therapeutic benefit from the vaccine
Gardasil Adverse Events Include Deaths, Seizures, Judicial Watch Says
There have been 3,461 reports of adverse events, including a maximum of 11 deaths, in patients receiving Merck’s cervical cancer vaccine Gardasil, public interest group Judicial Watch said.
Since May, the group has found documents detailing 1,824 reports of adverse reactions to Gardasil, including eight deaths. Before May, Judicial Watch had obtained 1,637 adverse event reports. The group received the data from the FDA through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request.
Of the 1,824 adverse events reported between May 10 and Sept. 7, 347 were serious reactions including paralysis, Bell’s palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome and seizures, according to the group.
Thirty-three out of 77 pregnant women who received the vaccine experienced side effects, including spontaneous abortion and fetal abnormalities, Judicial Watch added.
[Entire report here.]
…In its report to the FDA, Merck noted that “it is not known whether Gardasil can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.” It reported that 27% of pregnant women experienced an adverse reaction upon receiving the vaccine, and the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) contains 45 cases of spontaneous abortion following Gardasil.”
[See Judicial Watch Uncovers New FDA Records Detailing Ten New Deaths & 140 “Serious” Adverse Events Related to Gardasil ].
Linked from the USCIS site are a number of pages with additional details regarding the purported Gardasil ‘mandate’ for all female immigrants aged 11-26. Meanwhile, fedgov Inc. is planning on allowing people with HIV to immigrate to the U.S. Note that they justify this change in policy by arguing that HIV is not spread through casual contact, but rather through sexual contact. With that line of logic, they should not require the HPV vaccine, since it does not prevent a communicable disease. The government has not issued a final decision on the HIV rule for potential immigrants. The public may weigh in on this matter by emailing the Centers for Disease Control at Part34HIVcomments@cdc.gov. Or,
you can submit comments by visiting This page. You can also read the public comments here.
The CDC lists three “Proposed key revisions” to the long-standing HIV rule:
HIV infection would no longer be included on the list of “communicable disease of public health significance”.
2. Testing for HIV infection would no longer be required as part of the U.S. Immigration medical screening process.
HIV infection would no longer require a waiver for entry into the United States.
Below are additional excerpts and links regarding the HPV requirement and change in HIV rules.
2008 Technical Instructions for Vaccination for Civil Surgeons
- Memorandum: Vaccination Technical Instructions for Civil Surgeons
Date: May 8, 2008
To: Civil Surgeons
From: Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ)
Subject: Revised Vaccination Technical Instructions for Civil Surgeons
This memorandum announces the release of the revised Vaccination Technical Instructions for Civil Surgeons. These instructions supersede all previous vaccination-related “Technical Instructions,” “Updates to the Technical Instructions,” memoranda and letters to civil surgeons.
The revised Vaccination Technical Instructions are effective beginning July 1, 2008.
Any person who seeks admission to the United States as an immigrant or who seeks adjustment of visa status to that of permanent resident is required to show documentation of having received vaccinations against vaccine-preventable diseases, as recommended by the U.S. Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices (ACIP). Because of new ACIP vaccine recommendations, significant changes in the Vaccination Technical Instructions for Civil Surgeons have been made, as follows:
Rotavirus vaccine should be given orally to children 6 through 32 weeks of age.
Hepatitis A vaccine should be given to children 12 through 23 months of age.
Tetravalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine should be given to persons 11 through 18 years of age. Tetravalent meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine is an acceptable alternative.
Human papillomavirus vaccine should be given to girls and women 11 through 26 years of age.
Zoster vaccine should be given to persons 60 years of age or older.
Hepatitis B vaccine should be given to all applicants from birth through 18 years of age.
Influenza vaccine should be given annually to children 6 through 59 months of age; it continues to be required for adults 50 years of age or older.
Acellular pertussis-containing vaccines are available for use in persons at least 10 years of age.
The revised Vaccination Technical Instructions for Civil Surgeons are available at CDC/DGMQ’s website at
- Frequently Asked Questions: Vaccination Technical Instructions for Civil Surgeons
- Adjustment Of Status For U.S. Permanent Residence Requirements: Technical Instructions for Vaccination 2008
On September 30, 1996, the U.S. Congress amended the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) by adding to the health-related grounds of inadmissibility a new subsection, “Proof of Vaccination Requirements for Immigrants.” This new subsection requires any person who seeks an immigrant visa or adjustment of status for permanent residence to show proof of having received vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases, as recommended by the U.S. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). The ACIP is an advisory committee to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that makes general recommendations on immunizations, including safe and effective vaccination schedules. Updated ACIP recommendations are available at CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) website: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines
The instructions in this document supersede all previous vaccination-related “Technical Instructions,” “Updates to the Technical Instructions” and memoranda and letters to civil surgeons. These instructions are to be followed for vaccination requirements for all persons applying for adjustment of status for permanent U.S. residence. If in the future, there are changes or updates in ACIP recommendations, those recommendations available in the CDC/NCIRD website should be followed.
CDC’s Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) staff is available for consultation on issues related to vaccination requirements for immigration and can be reached at 404-498-1600.
Significant Changes in the Vaccination Requirements
Rotavirus vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, meningococcal vaccine, human papillomavirus vaccine, and zoster vaccine have been added as age-appropriate to the vaccination requirements.
HIV No Longer A Barrier
Federal Register Notices
Revision of 42 CFR Part 34 (Medical Examination of Aliens) Removal of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) from Definition of Communicable Disease of Public Health Significance – Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM)
Public comment open until August 17, 2009
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are proposing the removal of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) from the list of diseases that keep people who are not U.S. citizens from entering the United States.
Proposed Removal of HIV Entry Ban
Revision of 42 CFR Part 34 (Medical Examination of Aliens) Removal of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) from Definition of “Communicable Disease of Public Health Significance” – Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM)
Why does CDC want to remove HIV from the list and screening process now?
When the regulation was created in 1987, far less was known about how HIV is spread and what put people at risk for HIV. Health experts now know that HIV is not spread through casual contact like hugging or shaking hands, through the air, food or water. In the United States, HIV infection is passed between adults almost exclusively by unprotected sex with someone who has HIV or by sharing needles or syringes contaminated with HIV. CDC’s proposal to remove HIV infection from the list of illnesses that prevent entry to the United States is based on this improved understanding of the risks.
Will the proposed rule change increase the risk that average Americans will contract HIV?
Allowing non U.S. citizens with HIV infection into the United States will not pose a risk to the public’s health because HIV infection is preventable and is not spread through casual contact or day-to-day activities. It is mainly spread through behaviors which involve exchange of bodily fluids during sex or through sharing HIV-contaminated needles.
It’s important to remember that any risk posed by people with HIV is not a result of their nationality but is based on whether the person engages in specific behaviors that increase the risk of getting HIV, such as unprotected sex or sharing HIV-contaminated needles. HIV is not a new virus in the United States. Currently, it’s estimated that more than 1 million Americans are living with HIV.
Why are HHS and CDC removing only HIV infection when other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are still on the list of diseases that prevent entry?
Legislation passed in July 2008 removed language from the Immigration and Nationality Act which had previously mandated that HIV be on the list of diseases that can keep people from coming to the United States. This legislative change allowed HHS and CDC to reassess whether HIV infection should be removed from our regulations. CDC constantly reviews the list of diseases in the regulations. If CDC seeks to remove additional STDs in the future, it will do so through changes in these regulations.
What is the process for removing HIV from the list and when would the change take effect?
HHS published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on July 2, 2009, explaining the proposed changes in the Federal Register and seeking public comment on those changes. HHS and CDC will carefully review all public comments it receives and decide whether to make any changes based upon those comments. HHS and CDC will then publish a final rule in the Federal Register containing the final changes. Any change would become effective at the time described in the final rule.
Submit Comments about this Notice of Proposed Rule Making